There is a huge difference between biodiversity and monoculture tree plantations. Biodiversity consists of a rich diversity of plants, fungus, animals, birds, insects and microbes.
Therefore it is very disturbing that humanity has been rapidly removing Earth’s prime mixed forests in favour of monoculture plantations and fast short-term large profit schemes for a few.
A clear distinction between monoculture plantations and natural forests is needed.
Another harmful impact of monoculture plantations is the large quantities of agrochemicals that are often used on them. This causes considerable contamination and deterioration of soils and watersheds and has serious negative impacts on human health in rural communities. The local and indigenous communities that live in the vicinity of forests are very important because they are the natural forest stewards. It is thus disturbing that many plantation companies have violated the land rights of indigenous peoples. The plantations are often restricted areas that provide no benefits or natural resources for the local communities.